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# What is the Gematria?

The word 'Gematria' comes from the Hebrew word "guematria". It is a process used mainly by the kabbalists that consists in replacing the letters of a word or a sentence by their numerical value and then adding them in order to obtain a total value which will be associated with this word or to this sentence. The words of the same value possess a close sense that the kabbalists use in order to know the hidden deep meaning behind the word. The Cabal associates with 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet a particular number. But the gematria is not only used for the texts written in Hebrew: the Greeks, Arabs and Chinese had also the habit of this form of study. However only the Greek and Hebrew alphabets are listed here.

There are several schools of thought about the attribution of numbers to letters. Let us say simply that we distinguish the regular numeration (referred here to the gematria in "N") and the simple numeration (referred here to the gematria in "n").

For Hebrew letters, the range of numbers of the regular numeration spreads 1 to 400 for 22 first letters. Appear then five other letters which have a form and a different numerical value when they are located at the end of a word. They are the final "kaph" with 500, the final "mem" with 600, the final "nun" with 700, the final "phe" with 800 and the final "tzade" with 900. For the Greek alphabet, the range is 1 to 900, with 9 units, 9 tens and 9 hundreds.

The numeration simplified is more modest! The numerical values follow directly the order of each letter in the alphabet. Thus the letters in the Hebrew alphabet have each a value from 1 to 27, and the Greek alphabet, 1 to 24. This numeration is called here gematria in "n".

### Hebrew alphabet

 Name of theHebrew Letter Gematriain 'N' Gematriain 'n' aleph 1 1 beth 2 2 guimel 3 3 daleth 4 4 he 5 5 waw 6 6 zain 7 7 heth 8 8 teth 9 9 yod 10 10 kaph 20 11 lamed 30 12 mem 40 13 nun 50 14 samekh 60 15 ayin 70 16 phe 80 17 tzade 90 18 qoph 100 19 resh 200 20 shin 300 21 taw 400 22 kaph final 500 23 mem final 600 24 nun final 700 25 phe final 800 26 tzade 900 27

### Greek alphabet

 Name of theGreek Letter Gematriain 'N' Gematriain 'n' alpha 1 1 beta 2 2 gamma 3 3 delta 4 4 epsilon 5 5 stigma 6 zeta 7 6 eta 8 7 theta 9 8 iota 10 9 kappa 20 10 lamda 30 11 mu 40 12 nu 50 13 xi 60 14 omicron 70 15 pi 80 16 koppa 90 rho 100 17 sigma 200 18 tau 300 19 upsilon 400 20 phi 500 21 chi 600 22 psi 700 23 omega 800 24 sampi 900

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Last modification: December 19, 1998

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