Color Symbolism and Color Meaning in The Bible

Bible Colors - Symbolism in Scripture, Symbolic Color Use and Occurrence in the Christian Bible, Hebrew Greek

The colors are arranged alphabetically and each color is seperated into 1-4 categories:

Direct Meaning
demonstrates the plain use of the color in a passage.
Opposite Meaning
describes the color use when it contradicts the Direct Meaning.
Color Symbolism
derives a symbolic meaning from the color's use throughout Scripture.
Associated Symbols
define symbolic meanings of objects in the same verse as the color.

This study only references verses in which the color is used consistently amongst Bible translations, therefore the references are not exhaustive. If a verse is ambiguous in its color symbolism, or the color is used in the exact same way in another passage, then that verse may be left out.

In the left column under are the Hebrew and Greek words for each color which are linked to their Strong's definition, courtesy of StudyLight.org.

The verses are too numerous to include the full text for each. To read passages in a wide selection of translations you can copy references in any single bulleted entry and paste them into the "Passage Lookup" field at Bible Gateway.

Amber

Chashmal
(khash-mal')

The color amber is only found in the KJV book of Ezekiel. Its use demonstrates God's overbearingly bright and immediate presence.

Direct Meaning:

  • God's glory and the brightness of His presence. - Ezekiel 1:4; 1:27-28; 8:2 (KJV)
Color Symbolism:
  • Christ as the glory of God - Ezekiel 1:28, II Corinthians 4:6, Revelation 21:23
Associated Symbols:
  • fire - God's presence (Hebrews 12:29, Exodus 3:2), God's judgment (Genesis 19:24, II Kings 1:10-14, Isaiah 66:15, II Thessalonians 1:7-8)

Black

Chashak
(shaw-khar')
Kamar
(kaw-mar')
Kimriyr
(kim-reer')
Qadar
(kaw-dar')
Shachar
(shaw-khar')
Shachor
(shaw-khore')

Melas

(mel'-as)

Black is primarily associated with the negative aspects of human experience - including death, disease, famine, and sorrow - all of which are the results of sin. The exception is the implication of health when describing hair.

Direct Meaning:

  • sin - Job 6:15-16
  • disease - Job 30:30
  • famine - Lamentations 4:8; 5:10, Revelation 6:5-6
  • death - Jude 1:12-13
  • sorrow - Jeremiah 8:21 (KJV)
Opposite Meaning:
  • health - Leviticus 13:37, Song of Solomon 1:5-6; 5:11
Color Symbolism:
  • judgment - Jeremiah 14:2, Leviticus 13:37, Job 3:5
Associated Symbols:
  • sackcloth - mourning (Genesis 37:34, Isaiah 50:3, Revelation 6:12)

Blue

T@keleth
(tek-ay'-leth)

The color blue is used quite extensively in the Old Testament to describe the various hangings in the holy places. It is also used as a symbol of wealth and the corruptions thereof, but it should be noted that purple is used far more frequently for such distinctions. In general blue should be viewed as a heavenly color. Below is only a representation of the color's use in scripture, it occurs far more frequently than demonstrated here.

Direct Meaning:

  • describing hangings, curtains, coverings (along with purple and scarlet / crimson) - Exodus 26:1;36; 27:16; 28:8, II Chronicles 3:14; etc.
  • holy covering - Exodus 28:31, Numbers 4:5-7;11-12, Esther 8:15
  • the Lord's commandments - Numbers 15:38-40
Opposite Meaning:
  • corruption through vanity, whoredoms and idolotry - Jeremiah 10:8-9, Ezekiel 23:3-8
Color Symbolism:
  • heavenly - Exodus 24:10, Ezekiel 1:26; 10:1 (sapphire)
  • holy service - Exodus 28:31, Esther 8:15
  • chastening - Proverbs 20:30 (KJV)
Associated Symbols:
  • water(s) - spirit (John 4:13-14; 7:37-39, Revelation 21:6; 22:17, Matthew 3:11-16), people / multitudes (Revelation 17:15, Jeremiah 46:7-8; 47:1-3, Isaiah 8:7; 17:13)

Crimson

Karmiyl
(kar-mele')
Shaniy
(shaw-nee')
Towla'
(to-law')

Crimson is used to describe fine materials and sin. The dye was extracted from the dried body of of the insect coccus ilicis; qirmiz (or kermes) as transliterated in Arabic. (Also see scarlet)

Direct Meaning:

  • fine materials (along with purple and blue) - 2 Chronicles 2:7;14; 3:14, Jeremiah 4:30
  • sin - Isaiah 1:18
Associated Symbols:
  • blood - life (Genesis 9:4-5, Deuteronomy 12:23), sacrifice (Exodus12:13; 23:18)
    , remission of sin (Hebrews 9:22, I John 1:7, Revelation 1:5), covenant (Exodus 24:8, Matthew 26:28, Romans 5:9, Hebrews 9:12; 13:12), war (I Kings 2:5, I Chronicles 22:8)

Gray

Seybah
(say-baw')
Siyb
(seeb)

Grey is used to denote old age (for obvious reasons). We can try to gain a bit more meaning by looking at the symbolism of ash even though the two are never directly associated in Scripture.

Direct Meaning:

  • old age - Genesis 42:38, Deuteronomy 32:25, I Samuel 12:2, Job 15:10, Psalm 71:18
  • beauty of old age - Proverbs 20:29
  • weakness - Hosea 7:9
Associated Symbols:
  • ash - of little worth (Genesis 18:27, Job 30:19), destruction (Exodus 9:10, Ezekiel 28:18, Malachi 4:3, II Peter 2:6)
    , purification (Numbers 19:17), sorrow (II Samuel 13:19)
    , mourning (Esther 4:3, Jeremiah 6:26)
    , repentance (Job 42:6, Matthew 11:21), scattered (Psalm 147:16)

Green

'abiyb
(aw-beeb')
Ra'anan
(rah-an-awn')
Y@raqraq
(yer-ak-rak')
Yaraq
(yaw-rawk')
Yarowq
(yaw-rawk')
Yereq
(yeh'-rek)

Green is primarily associated with plant life. As a result we can view it as a symbol of natural growth and life. The exception is its use in Leviticus to denote disease.

Direct Meaning:

  • describing a meat offering - Leviticus 2:14
  • describing edible plants - Genesis 1:30; 9:3, II Kings 19:26, Job 39:8, Psalm 37:2
  • trees - Exodus 10:15, Deuteronomy 12:2, I Kings 14:23, 2 Kings 16:4; 17:10, II Chronicles 28:4, Psalm 37:35; 52:8, Isaiah 37:27, Jeremiah 2:20
Opposite Meaning:
  • disease - Leviticus 13:49; 14:37
Color Symbolism:
  • rest - Psalm 23:2
  • life - Isaiah 15:6, Psalm 23:2, Ezekiel 17:24, Luke 23:31
  • growth - Ezekiel 17:24
  • fruitful - Jeremiah 11:16; 17:8, Hosea 14:8, Luke 23:31
  • fresh / undefiled - Song of Solomon 1:16, Luke 23:31
  • maturity - Job 15:31-32
  • frailty - Psalm 37:2
Associated Symbols:
  • grass - man / flesh (Psalm 37:1-2; 92:7; Revelation 8:7, I Peter 1:24, Isaiah 40:6-8; 51:12), weakness (Psalm 102:4; 102:11, Revelation 8:7), growth (Psalm 72:16; 92:7, Job 5:25)
  • trees - coverage (Psalm 37:35), trust (Psalm 52:8), man (Matthew 3:10; 7:15-18, Mark 8:24), The Cross (Acts 5:30, I Peter 2:24)

Ivory

Shen
(shane)
Shenhabbiym
(shen-hab-beem')

Elephantinos

(el-ef-an'-tee-nos)

Ivory is never mentioned by describing the color of something but always as the material itself. Its use denotes costly ornamentation and fine craftsmanship. It symbolizes beauty when describing the body.

Direct Meaning:

  • a throne - I Kings 10:18, II Chronicles 9:17
  • cargo / merchandise - I Kings 10:22, II Chronicles 9:21, Ezekiel 27:15, Revelation 18:12
  • houses - I Kings 22:39, Amos 3:15
  • beds - Amos 6:4
  • body parts - Song of Solomon 5:14; 7:4
  • inlays - Ezekiel 27:6
Color Symbolism:
  • beauty - see "body parts" above
Associated Symbols:
  • throne - power (I Kings 1:37, II Kings 25:28), kingship (Genesis 41:40, Deuteronomy 17:18, II Samuel 7:16)
    , glory (I Samuel 2:8, II Chronicles 18:18, Psalm 103:19, Jeremiah 14:21, Matthew 19:28; 25:31), judgment (Psalm 9:4;7; 122:5, Proverbs 20:8, Matthew 19:28), holiness (Psalm 47:8), grace (Hebrews 4:16)
  • neck - posession (Genesis 27:40; 41:42; 49:8, Deuteronomy 28:48, II Samuel 22:41, Nehemiah 3:5, Psalm 18:40, Proverbs 3:3, Isaiah 10:27, Jeremiah 27:12; 30:8, Acts 15:10), embrace (Genesis 33:4; 45:14; 46:29, Luke 15:20, Acts 20:37), strength (Song of Solomon 4:4; 7:4), beauty (Isaiah 3:16, Song of Solomon 1:10), stubbornness / rebellion (when hardened or stiff) (Deuteronomy 10:16; 31:27, II Kings 17:14, II Chronicles 36:13, Nehemiah 9:16-17, Isaiah 48:4, Jeremiah 7:26; 17:23, Acts 7:51)
  • belly - emotions / desires (Job 15:35; 20:20, Psalm 31:9, Proverbs 13:25; 20:27, Romans 16:18, Revelation 10:9)
  • beds - fornication (I Chronicles 5:1, Ezekiel 23:17, Revelation 2:22 [spiritual as well])

Purple

'argaman
(ar-gaw-mawn')

Porphura

(por-foo'-rah)
Porphuropolis
(por-foo-rop'-o-lis)
Porphurous
(por-foo-rooce')

Along with blue, scarlet, and crimson, purple is used to describe hangings and fine materials. The dye was extracted from a particularly scarce family of shellfish which made it quite valuable. Purple became a symbol of royalty and riches due to the scarcity of its dye.

Direct Meaning:

  • describing hangings, curtains, coverings (along with blue and scarlet / crimson) - Exodus 26:1;36; 27:16; 28:8, II Chronicles 3:14; etc.
  • fine materials - Numbers 4:13, Judges 8:26, Proverbs 31:22, Luke 16:19, Revelation 17:4
  • describing the dying trade - II Chronicles 2:7, Ezekiel 27:16, Acts 16:14, Revelation 18:12
Opposite Meaning:
  • royalty, but in mockery - Mark 15:17;20, John 19:2;5
Color Symbolism:
  • royalty - Judges 8:26
  • riches - Revelation 18:16, Luke 16:19
  • corruption of riches - Revelation 17:4
Associated Symbols:
  • robes - righteousness / righteous judgment (Job 29:14, Isaiah 61:10, Luke 15:22, Revelation 6:11; 7:9;14), kingship (I Kings 22:10; 30-33, I Chronicles 15:27, Isaiah 22:21, Jonah 3:6), outward show (Luke 20:46), virginity (II Samuel 13:18-19)
  • curtains - seperation / hidden (II Samuel 7:2, I Chronicles 17:1), the heavens (Psalm 104:2, Isaiah 40:60), habitations (Isaiah 54:2, Jeremiah 4:20; 10:20, Habakkuk 3:7)

The Hebrew equivalent is 'argaman; Greek porphura. The latter word refers to the source of the dye, namely, a shell-fish found on the shores of the Mediterranean.

Red

'adam
(aw-dam')
'adamdam
(ad-am-dawm')
'admoniy
(ad-mo-nee')
'adom
(aw-dome')

Purrhazo

(poor-hrad'-zo)
Purrhos
(poor-hros')

There is a diverse use of the color red throughout the Scriptures. Its primary associations are blood and war. Note that references to the Red Sea have been omitted.

Direct Meaning:

  • skin color - Genesis 25:25
  • stew - Genesis 25:30
  • wine - Proverbs 23:31
  • sores or plague - Leviticus 13:19;49 etc. (numerous references in Leviticus)
  • bloodied water - II Kings 3:22
  • clothing - Isaiah 63:2
  • shields of mighty men - Nahum 2:3
  • horses - Zechariah 1:8; 6:2
  • the sky - Matthew 16:2-3
  • the great dragon (Satan) - Revelation 12:3
Color Symbolism:
  • war - II Kings 3:22; Nahum 2:3
  • vengeance - Isaiah 63:2 (read whole chapter)
  • temptation of sin - Genesis 25:30, Proverbs 23:31
Associated Symbols:
  • wine - teachings, both true and false (fermented), shame (Genesis 9:21-25; 19:31-36)
  • winepress - God's judgment of the wicked (Revelation 14:19-20)
  • blood - see crimson

Scarlet

Shaniy
(shaw-nee')
Tala'
(taw-law')
Towla'
(to-law')

Kokkinos

(kok'-kee-nos)

Scarlet is used to describe fine materials and thread. It was also used in Mosaic purification rituals. Scarlet, like crimson, is used to describe sin. Scarlet can generally be used to symbolize a marker. (Also see crimson)

Direct Meaning:

  • a thread - Genesis 38:27-29, Joshua 2:18, Song of Solomon 4:3 (lips are like)
  • fine materials (along with purple and blue) - Exodus 25:4; 28:15; 36:37; etc. (many times over), Numbers 4:8, II Samuel 1:24, Proverbs 31:21
  • cleansing/purification - Leviticus 14:4;52, Numbers 19:6, Hebrews 9:19
  • sin - Isaiah 1:18
  • clothing of a valient man - Nahum 2:3
  • riches - Revelation 18:12;16
Opposite Meaning:
  • mocking royalty - Matthew 27:28
  • the beast being ridden by the harlot Babylon - Revelation 17:3
  • corruption of riches - Revelation 17:4
Color Symbolism:
  • a marker - Joshua 2:18;21, Genesis 38:28 (passover)
Associated Symbols:
  • virtuous woman - Proverbs 31:21
  • beasts - successive worldly kingdoms (Daniel 7:17;23 [Read whole chapter]), ignorant / lacking understanding (Psalm 49:20; 73:22), devouring destruction (Isaiah 56:9, Jeremiah 15:3, Daniel 7:5), brute fleshly nature (II Peter 2:12, Titus 1:11-13)

Vermilion

Shashar
(shaw-shar')

Vermilion is used only to describe paint, both on a house and in a portrait. Its contextual use suggests lust and unrighteousness. The color was most likely derived from iron oxide (rust) which would support the suggested meaning.

Direct Meaning:

  • paint - Jeremiah 22:14 (a house), Ezekiel 23:14 (portraits)
Color Symbolism: Associated Symbols:
  • paint - a false covering (Matthew 23:27, Acts 23:3)
  • rust - corruption (Matthew 6:19, James 5:3 [KJV])

White

Buwts
(boots)
Choriy
(kho-ree')
Chuwr
(khoor)
Laban *
(law-bawn')
Tsachach
(tsaw-khakh')
Tsachor
(tsaw-khore')

Lampros

(lam-pros')
Leukaino
(lyoo-kah'-ee-no)
Leukos
(lyoo-kos')
Koniao
(kon-ee-ah'-o)

White is a color of purity and righteousness. It is also used to describe things in nature. Sometimes it is used when describing the body, primarily when healthy and beautiful but also when sick.

Direct Meaning:

  • animals - Genesis 30:35, Judges 5:10, Zechariah 1:8; 6:3;6, Revelation 6:2; 19:11;14
  • plant flesh - Genesis 30:37, Joel 1:7
  • baskets - Genesis 40:16
  • teeth - Genesis 49:12
  • Manna - Exodus 16:31
  • leprosy / plague - Leviticus 13:4;10;19;42, etc., Numbers 12:10, II Kings 5:27
  • linen - II Chronicles 5:12, Revelation 15:6; 19:8;14
  • garments / raiment - Esther 8:15, Ecclesiastes 9:8, Daniel 7:9, Matthew 17:2; 28:3, Mark 9:3; 16:5, Luke 9:29, John 20:12, Acts 1:10, Revelation 3:4-5;18; 4:4; 6:11; 7:9;13-14; 19:14
  • compared as snow - Psalm 51:7, Isaiah 1:18, Daniel 7:9, Mark 9:3
  • compared as milk - Lamentations 4:7
  • hair - Matthew 5:36, Revelation 1:14
  • painted - Matthew 23:27, Acts 23:3
  • fields - John 4:35
  • a stone - Revelation 2:17
  • a cloud - Revelation 14:14
  • a throne - Revelation 20:11
Color Symbolism:
  • purity / refinement / unblemished / righteousness / heavenly - Psalm 51:7, Ecclesiastes 9:8, Daniel 7:9; 11:35; 12:10, Matthew 17:2, Mark 9:3, Luke 9:29, John 20:12, Acts 1:10, Revelation 3:4-5;18; 4:4; 6:11; 7:9;13-14
  • victory - Revelation 6:2; 19:11;14
  • false righteousness (when only outward) - Matthew 23:27, Acts 23:3
Associated Symbols:
  • baskets - food (Genesis 40:17, Exodus 29:23, Leviticus 8:26, Numbers 6:15, Jeremiah 24:2, Amos 8:1, Matthew 14:20, Mark 8:8), escape (Exodus 2:3, Acts 9:25, II Corinthians 11:33)
    , days (Genesis 40:18)
  • teeth - devouring destruction (Deuteronomy 32:24, Psalm 124:6, Proverbs 30:14, Isaiah 41:15, Daniel 7:7;19), terror (Job 41:14, Daniel 7:7;19)
  • milk - first teachings (Isaiah 28:9, I Corinthians 3:1-2, Hebrews 5:12-14, I Peter 2:2)
  • throne - (see ivory)

Yellow

Tsahob
(tsaw-obe')

Yellow is used to describe a leperous hair in Leviticus and in some translations the color of gold in Psalm 68. Its occurence in Scripture is too low to derive a symbolic meaning.

Direct Meaning:

  • leperous hair - Leviticus 13:30;32;36
  • describing the color of gold - Psalm 68:13 (KJV/ASV, green in RSV)

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20 of 2302 Comments for Color Symbolism in The Bible and Color Meanings

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dream of red and brown paint

by Anne - 8/31/15 5:23 PM
Had a dream of holding a container of red paint, almost full. Wanted it to be brown and poured a little brown paint into the container, hoping to change the color....knew I had to pour out all the red first

No Replies Post a Reply

Dog bite

by Lady neox - 9/27/12 1:23 AM
I had a dream that some one had a dog near me and the dog bite me without me noticing. My hand became swollen and someone told me to rush to the Hospial because I could become blind. I became scared and my blaster and two ladies decided to take me to the hospital.... more...

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RE:Dog bite

by amanda - 7/04/15 9:18 AM
I had a dream my bf was cheating with his ex eight in front of me then I saw a couple of dogs one was a big pit bull I think black and a little white it bit a little grey dog on the head and there was blood and it wasn't moving and the man just said sorry and laid... more...

RE:Dog bite

by Anonymous - 8/27/15 12:24 AM
Hi
I saw my Right hand turning black when i was bathing in my dream. And later i was chased and tortured by dogs what does it mean can anyone tell me

RE:Dog bite

by dog bite - 8/28/15 2:36 PM
I had a dream my pet bit me on the head bUT it wouldn't let go even after my mom called it eventually it did and it left a mark

Read 7 more replies

breast feeding a baby

by Anonymous - 6/03/11 12:47 AM
I dremt I was holding a baby and breast feeding.The baby was sucking my breast wanting more.I did not mind feeding the baby more .In real life I don't have a child. In the dream I was saying to my self " I don't remember having a baby? how come I have a baby? but I... more...

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RE:breast feeding a baby

by I too - 7/10/15 5:30 AM
I too had a dream this morning about breastfeeding a new born baby. I parked my car and went into the store as I was shopping I felt something and it was a baby under my clothes suckling my left breast. I looked closer to make sure she could breath and then... more...

RE:breast feeding a baby

by Anonymous - 7/23/15 2:21 AM
oh my goodness! the ladies that are having these dreams please don't listen to all the fear infused interpretations! this is extremely dangerous and I would be questioning their relationship with the Lord! I agree with the 'nurturing' responses, take it to God he... more...

RE:breast feeding a baby

by Anonymous - 8/08/15 5:36 AM
I had this dream lastnight and I asked myself do I have a baby? Then I realised something was wrong. IN the dream I grabbed my bible and starte to point it at the baby who was very upset, in my dream the baby turned out to be a evil spirit.

RE:breast feeding a baby

by Grace - 8/21/15 12:51 AM
My dad dreamt that I was crying and he asked why I am crying and I told him I lost another baby.In living life am pregnant and I have lost 2 babies.please help

Read 117 more replies

Dream about purple, gold, and a man in an ivory suit

by Anonymous - 8/15/15 6:26 AM
In my dream, I had a flyer and it said something about celebrating a friend of mine and freedom. It had the colors purple and gold on it. I told him congrats on this friend! And he pointed to the top of the flyer and said, did you see this? I looked at where he... more...

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dreams that comes in three

by cynthia - 8/03/15 1:12 PM
With does it mean when you have 3 dream that have the same thing in theme

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orange was in the dream and a letter of instructions

by Natalya Williams - 8/03/15 5:46 AM
Please help me understand what that all represents

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Dreamed of many snakes in my father's house

by John Mudiwa - 7/04/15 1:19 AM
Good evening. Please interpret this dream I had:
In the early morning hours of June 24, 2015, I dreamed of myself with my wife Neo Daphne Mudiwa and my daughter Lone Jane Mudiwa. In the dream, we were at my father’s house during the day in Mogoditshane,... more...

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RE:Dreamed of many snakes in my father's house

by Anonymous - 7/23/15 11:27 AM
Snakes in a dream always represent the devil, the Bible said that the devil comes to kill and destroy. Its a household enemy, pray and call for fasting in your family homes, and be watchful.

can anyone help me out ? (:

by Josh - 6/19/15 6:18 PM
what does the pale horse color and the meaning of the color in Revelation 6:8?

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RE: can anyone help me out ? (:

by Anonymous - 7/15/15 6:57 AM
The meaning of the green horse of Revelation is the spirit of Islam. The Horses in Revelation are symbols of evil spirits that are in the World.

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dream answers

by mim8 - 7/15/15 5:16 AM
I saw all these dreams and people asking for explanations.
God speaks to me in dreams very often for quite some years now.

If we look at the bible, he always gives understanding in His time, if the dream is from Him.

Sometimes it might take years before the... more...

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dreamed of white prophet

by Tsholo - 6/27/15 1:10 PM
I had a dream, in this dream I was with my sister at a big conference where this white prophet was praying for us, we were far from him so he couldn't come and put his hands on us. When it was break time I involuntarily stood up, raised up my hands up higher and... more...

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RE:dreamed of white prophet

by Tawny - 7/14/15 5:20 PM
I dreamed that I was dressed in all white and had people around me. We were in a large church or something and I was leading prayer but speaking in Hebrew.

Read 2 more replies

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